Shopping for eco-friendly products has become confusing as green seals of approval proliferate. Now the Federal Trade Commission has weighed in and begun cracking down on “greenwashing” -- advertising that may be deceptive or confusing to consumers. The guide below lists the common labels and will help you understand what they mean. Some signify real achievement, while others merely indicate that a product has good intentions.
*Certified By: The Environmental Protection Agency and the Department of Energy
*Products: Appliances, building supplies and consumer electronics
*Comments: An Energy Star product is certified to be energy-efficient without sacrificing performance, and savings can be significant. For example, replacing a clothes washer made before 2000 with a new Energy Star appliance can save $130 a year. You’ll find the seal on products from companies such as GE, Panasonic, Philips, Samsung and Whirlpool.
*Certified By: A nonprofit environmental-certification organization
*Products: Paint, cleaning and paper products, hotels and other services
*Comments: Products and services are evaluated for compliance with Green Seal’s standards for safety, among others. You’ll see the seal, for example, on Staples products and at Great Wolf Lodge water-park resorts. The seals come in three levels: bronze, silver and gold. Bronze means progress toward meeting standards; gold means standards have been achieved.
*Certified By: UL Environment, a division of Underwriters Laboratories
*Products: Consumer electronics, lighting, appliances
*Comments: UL Environment tests products that tout eco-friendly features -- ones that are compostable, say, or contain recycled materials. Those that pass, including some products from LG Electronics and Owens Corning, earn the label. Products are reevaluated twice a year, and UL posts its findings on its Web site, www.ulenvironment.com.
*Certified By: The Environmental Protection Agency
*Products: Detergent, window cleaners, degreasers, car-washing products
*Comments: Products that win this seal are made with chemicals that are the safest for humans and the environment as determined by the EPA. Standards are strict; only 15% of those that apply receive the seal on their first try. Products with the seal include Bissell cleaning supplies, Palmolive dishwashing liquids and Scrubbing Bubbles cleanser.
*Certified By: U.S. Department of Agriculture’s National Organic Program
*Products: Raw, fresh and processed food
*Comments: Foods bearing this seal have been grown with no conventional pesticides and without many kinds of fertilizers. In the case of livestock, animals may not be given antibiotics or growth hormones and must eat organically grown feed. The label can read either “100% organic” or “organic,” which means it is 95% organic.
*Certified By: McDonough Braungart Design Chemistry, consultants
*Products: Includes cosmetics, personal-care products, diapers and shipping supplies
*Comments: This measures products’ all-around sustainability, from manufacturing to recycling and reuse. The four-tier program rates products from basic to platinum. Basic indicates a company’s intent to abide by the standards; platinum signifies achievement of the standards. Look for the label on Aveda products, gDiapers and Method cleaning products.
*Certified By: The GreenGuard Environmental Institute
*Products: Furniture, flooring, paint, doors and windows
*Comments: Products with GreenGuard’s seal have been evaluated for chemical emissions that affect indoor air quality and human health. Each product is tested for more than 10,000 possible chemicals and retested four times a year. You can find the seal on some 3M products, Benjamin Moore paint, Liquid Nails adhesives and Rubbermaid Home products.